Nucleolin links to arsenic-induced stabilization of GADD45α mRNA

Yadong Zhang, Deepak Bhatia, Hongfeng Xia, Vince Castranova, Xianglin Shi, Fei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


The present study shows that arsenic induces GADD45α (growth arrest and DNA damage inducible gene 45α) mainly through post-transcriptional mechanism. Treatment of the human bronchial epithelial cell line, BEAS-2B, with arsenic(III) chloride (As3+) resulted in a significant increase in GADD45α protein and mRNA. However, As3+ only exhibited a marginal effect on the transcription of the GADD45α gene. The accumulation of GADD45α mRNA is largely achieved by the stabilization of GADD45α mRNA in the cellular response to As3+. As3+ is able to induce binding of mRNA stabilizing proteins, nucleolin and less potently, HuR, to the GADD45α mRNA. Although As3+ was unable to affect the expression of nucleolin, treatment of the cells with As3+ resulted in re-distribution of nucleolin from nucleoli to nucleoplasm. Silencing of the nucleolin mRNA by RNA interference reversed As3+-induced stabilization of the GADD45α mRNA and accumulation of the GADD45α protein. Stabilization of GADD45α mRNA, thus, represents a novel mechanism contributing to the production of GADD45α and cell cycle arrest in response to As3+.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-495
Number of pages11
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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