Objectives: Determine whether a specific numeracy skill cut-point(s) reflects an empirical threshold in the context of preventive health service utilization, and identify associations between numeracy and preventive health services utilization among middle-aged and older adults in the United States. Methods: A nationally representative sample (n = 2,989) of adults 45 years and older from the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) was analyzed. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the utilization of dental checkup, vision screening, influenza vaccination, and osteoporosis screening, using multiple numeracy level classifications. Results: A dichotomous classification of numeracy skill levels (low vs. moderate to high proficiency) was associated with dental checkup utilization, but vision screening, influenza vaccination, and osteoporosis screening. Conclusions: Middle-aged and older adults with sufficient numeracy skills are more likely to have had a dental check up in the past 12 months. Findings suggest that numeracy may be more relevant for long-term vs. short-term risk assessment in determining preventive health care service utilization. Clinical Implications: Two-level numeracy categories are recommended in preventive health contexts. Numeracy proficiency-sensitive risk communication by health care providers and education programs may enhance awareness of preventive health care and promote the utilization of specific preventive health service utilization among older adults.
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Mar 3 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project has been partially funded by the American Institutes for Research through a contract with the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the U.S. Department of Education. This report is based on PIAAC data released in October 2016. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the American Institutes for Research, National Center for Education Statistics, or the U.S. Department of Education, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply their endorsement by the U.S. Government.
© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis.
- health literacy
- quantitative literacy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Health(social science)
- Clinical Psychology
- Geriatrics and Gerontology