Observation of Directed Flow of Hypernuclei H Λ3 and H Λ4 in sNN =3 GeV Au+Au Collisions at RHIC

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We report here the first observation of directed flow (v1) of the hypernuclei HΛ3 and HΛ4 in mid-central Au+Au collisions at sNN=3 GeV at RHIC. These data are taken as part of the beam energy scan program carried out by the STAR experiment. From 165×106 events in 5%-40% centrality, about 8400 HΛ3 and 5200 HΛ4 candidates are reconstructed through two- and three-body decay channels. We observe that these hypernuclei exhibit significant directed flow. Comparing to that of light nuclei, it is found that the midrapidity v1 slopes of HΛ3 and HΛ4 follow baryon number scaling, implying that the coalescence is the dominant mechanism for these hypernuclei production in the 3 GeV Au+Au collisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number21
StatePublished - May 26 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Dr. Y. Nara and Dr. J. Steinheimer for insightful discussions. We thank the RHIC Operations Group and RCF at BNL, the NERSC Center at LBNL, and the Open Science Grid consortium for providing resources and support. This work was supported in part by the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science, the U.S. National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Science, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Chinese Ministry of Education, the Higher Education Sprout Project by Ministry of Education at NCKU, the National Research Foundation of Korea, Czech Science Foundation and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office, New National Excellency Programme of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities, Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, the National Science Centre and WUT ID-UB of Poland, the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia, German Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung and Technologie (BMBF), Helmholtz Association, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (all)


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