Observation of giant diffusivity along dislocation cores

Marc Legros, Gerhard Dehm, Eduard Arzt, T. John Balk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

384 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diffusion of atoms in a crystalline lattice is a thermally activated process that can be strongly accelerated by defects such as grain boundaries or dislocations. When carried by dislocations, this elemental mechanism is known as "pipe diffusion." Pipe diffusion has been used to explain abnormal diffusion, Cottrell atmospheres, and dislocation-precipitate interactions during creep, although this rests more on conjecture than on direct demonstration. The motion of dislocations between silicon nanoprecipitates in an aluminum thin film was recently observed and controlled via in situ transmission electron microscopy. We observed the pipe diffusion phenomenon and measured the diffusivity along a single dislocation line. It is found that dislocations accelerate the diffusion of impurities by almost three orders of magnitude as compared with bulk diffusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1646-1649
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume319
Issue number5870
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Observation of giant diffusivity along dislocation cores'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this