Observations of three-dimensional salt distribution in building sandstone

A. V. Turkington, B. J. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Observations of three-dimensional salt distributions within three sandstone blocks after 120 years of exposure in an aggressive urban environment are presented, based on measurements of soluble ion concentrations. Results indicate a complex distribution of sulphur and chloride, where distributions are not consistent between salt types, dictated by conditions at the six surfaces of the blocks. This highlights the dangers of extrapolating the results of salt weathering simulations with regard to salt accumulation patterns, or the results of fieldwork which rely on single-surface samples from individual stones. The widely held perception that urban environments are 'dry' with shallow surface wetting of building stone does not appear to hold true for certain building stone. Copyright (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1317-1332
Number of pages16
JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2000


  • Building stone
  • Salt distribution
  • Sandstone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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