Background: Whether recognition and prompt response to worsening symptoms are worse in older compared with younger patients with heart failure (HF) is unclear. Objectives: The aims of this study were to compare older and younger patients (1) perceptions, evaluations, and responses to worsening HF symptoms, and (2) responses once worsening symptoms were perceived. Methods: A mixed-methods study was conducted and to compare data between older (≥ 65) and younger (< 65) in 185 patients hospitalized with HF. Results: There were few differences attributed to age. In response to higher perceived symptom distress, patients in both groups did nothing and hoped their symptoms would go away (p = 0.004), ignored symptoms and continued doing what they were doing (p = 0.002), or laid down to relax (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The majority of patients, regardless of age, did not recognize, interpret, and respond appropriately to HF symptoms. Interventions should be tested that target better symptom appraisal and promote appropriate symptom responses in patients with HF across all ages.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Heart and Lung|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the American Nurses Foundation.
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.
- Heart failure
- Mixed methods
- Somatic awareness
- Symptom experience
- Symptom management
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine