Oligomeric state of the Escherichia coli metal transporter YiiP

Yinan Wei, Huilin Li, Dax Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


YiiP is a 32.9-kDa metal transporter found in the plasma membrane of Escherichia coli (Chao, Y., and Fu, D. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 17173-17180). Here we report the determination of the YiiP oligomeric state in detergent-lipid micelles and in membranes. Molecular masses of YiiP solubilized with dodecyl-, undecyl-, decyl-, or nonyl-β-D-maltoside were measured directly using size-exclusion chromatography coupled with laser light-scattering photometry, yielding a mass distribution of YiiP homo-oligomers within a narrow range (68.0-68.8 kDa) that equals the predicted mass of a YiiP dimer within experimental error. The detergent-lipid masses associated with YiiP in the mixed micelles were found to increase from 135.5 to 232.6 kDa, with an apparent correlation with the alkyl chain length of the maltoside detergents. Cross-linking the detergent-solubilized YiiP with 1-ethyl-3- [3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) resulted in a dimeric cross-linked product in an EDC concentration-dependent manner. The oligomeric state of the purified YiiP in reconstituted membranes was determined by electron microscopic analysis of two-dimensional YiiP crystals in negative stain. A projection structure calculated from measurable optical diffractions to 25 Å revealed a pseudo-2-fold symmetry within a molecular boundary of ∼75 × 40 Å, indicative of the presence of YiiP dimers in membranes. These data provide direct structural evidence for a dimeric association of YiiP both in detergent-lipid micelles and in the reconstituted lipid bilayer. The functional relevance of the dimeric association in YiiP is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39251-39259
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 17 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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