On Selective Activation in Dense Femtocell Networks

Michael Lin, Simone Silvestri, Novella Bartolini, Thomas F. La Porta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Over-provisioned femtocell networks can be used to serve indoor locations that see high peak loads, such as airports or train stations. However, networks designed for high peak loads are mostly under-utilized, which is wasteful from an energy-use perspective. This paper introduces a femtocell selective activation problem. We motivate the use of selective activation in femtocell networks using real femtocell power measurements. We formally define the selective activation problem, and introduce GreenFemto, a distributed femtocell selective activation algorithm. We prove that GreenFemto converges to a locally Pareto optimal solution. Detailed simulations of an LTE wireless system are used to demonstrate the performance of GreenFemto. We find that GreenFemto uses up to 55% fewer femtocells to serve a given load, relative to an existing femtocell power-saving technique. Furthermore, we show that GreenFemto comes within 15% of a globally optimal solution. We conclude that selective activation can be successfully applied to femtocell networks to both reduce power consumption, and reduce outage probabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7523211
Pages (from-to)7018-7029
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 IEEE.


  • Communication technologies
  • Mathematics
  • algorithms
  • distributed algorithms
  • wireless communications
  • wireless networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'On Selective Activation in Dense Femtocell Networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this