On the challenges of materials and electrochemical characterization of concentrated electrolytes for redox flow batteries

Alexis M. Fenton, Rahul Kant Jha, Bertrand J. Neyhouse, Aman Preet Kaur, Daniel A. Dailey, Susan A. Odom, Fikile R. Brushett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

High concentration electrolytes are of growing interest in energy storage technologies, such as redox flow batteries, where multimolar active species concentrations are believed to be necessary for economic viability. However, conventional approaches for materials and electrochemical characterization of multicomponent solutions often assume dilute conditions and, consequently, are challenged by the molar-scale concentrations of redoxmers (e.g., organics, coordination complexes) and supporting salt. Further, emergent behaviors (e.g., solution structuring, molecular aggregation, phase changes) can be present at elevated concentrations, which confound traditional interpretations. Accordingly, different methods and techniques are required to determine electrochemical and transport descriptors and to link these macroscopic properties to microscopic phenomena. In this perspective, we describe the need for and difficulties inherent to experimental measurements of concentrated electrolytes; we highlight recent progress in terms of scientific insight and method development; and we suggest new directions for the research community with a particular focus on nonaqueous redox flow batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17988-17999
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume10
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

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