On the design of coreless permanent magnet machines for electric aircraft propulsion

Damien Lawhorn, Peng Han, Donovin Lewis, Yaser Chulaee, Dan M. Ionel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents design and prototyping studies for coreless and slotless permanent magnet (PM) machines, which have the potential for high power density and efficiency, and discusses their feasibility for electric aircraft propulsion. The emphasis is on axial flux permanent magnet (AFPM) machines with printed circuit board (PCB) stators that have advantages over their wired counterparts in terms of design flexibility, coil accuracy, manufacturing process reliability, and heat dissipation. Detailed electromagnetic finite element analysis models were developed and employed alongside analytical sizing equations to evaluate the performance of two dual-rotor single-stator coreless AFPM designs employing wave and spiral PCB winding patterns. Design considerations for a 10kW 2, 600rpm rating similar to the NASA X-57 electric aircraft propulsor motors are included. A 26-pole prototype machine has been developed and experimental testing results are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo, ITEC 2021
Pages278-283
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728175836
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2021
Event2021 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo, ITEC 2021 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Jun 21 2021Jun 25 2021

Publication series

Name2021 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo, ITEC 2021

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference and Expo, ITEC 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period6/21/216/25/21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for research on electric aircraft power systems and components through the NASA Grant no. KY GF-20-055 and of the National Science Foundation (NSF) for research on special electric machines and power electronics drives through the NSF Award # 1809876 is gratefully acknowledged. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NASA or the NSF. The support of University of Kentucky, the L. Stanley Pigman Endowment, of ANSYS, Inc., and of Regal Beloit Corp. is also gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Transportation

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