On the Feasibility of Electrification for Large Mobile Cranes

Donovin Lewis, Damien Lawhorn, Dan M. Ionel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Trends towards vehicle electrification to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and increase drive train efficiency have led vehicle manufacturers to seek out paths towards gradual hybridization. For heavy duty construction vehicles, electrification consists of two principle components: Electric hybridization of the vehicle carrier and the vehicle's auxiliary function. Economic and physical feasibility for the transition to electrical replacements for critical system components is important for the gradual development of electrified systems. In this paper, we present an investigation into multiple pathways for the hybridization of mobile cranes paired with simulations that analyze the feasibility of system electrification. ADVISOR was used to compare the feasibility of hybrid topologies for the vehicle carrier of a crane using approximate emissions, fuel economy, and efficiency. Analysis of the feasibility of transitioning to an electric motor for the crane's auxiliary function was performed using ANSYS TwinBuilder. Issues concerning satisfying the current draw of electric motors for both simulations point to currently available energy storage systems as the main factor hindering the electrification of mobile crane systems without significant redesign due to the initial cost, upkeep, and lack of energy density.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication9th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2020
Pages467-470
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728173696
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 27 2020
Event9th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2020 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 27 2020Sep 30 2020

Publication series

Name9th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2020

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period9/27/209/30/20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT The financial support for Mr. D. Lewis through a NASA REU Internship with the Link-Belt Cranes Company is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are also thankful to University of Kentucky, the L. Stanley Pigman endowment, and to the ECE URF framework.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Electrification
  • all-terrain cranes
  • heavy truck
  • hybrid power train
  • hybrid vehicles
  • power train electrification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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