Online learning integrity approaches: Current practices and future solutions

Anita Lee-Post, Holly Hapke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The primary objective of this paper is to help institutions respond to the stipulation of the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 by adopting cost-effective academic integrity solutions without compromising the convenience and flexibility of online learning. Current user authentication solutions such as user ID and password, security questions, voice recognition, or fingerprint identification are not infallible and may violate students’ rights to privacy or cause undue interruptions to their efforts in performing assessment tasks. Existing authentication solutions are evaluated for their cost effectiveness in preventing fraud and cheating while ensuring learner identity and honesty. Emerging technologies in the form of biometrics, surveillance systems and predictive analytics are also examined to provide insights into the future of e-authentication for ensuring the academic integrity of online learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-145
Number of pages11
JournalOnline Learning Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was presented in the 8th Annual Emerging Technologies for Online Learning International Symposium, April 22-24, 2015, with the support of the eLearning Innovation Initiative Grant at the University of Kentucky.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, The Online Learning Consortium. All rights reserved.


  • Academic integrity
  • Academic misconduct
  • Authentication
  • Higher education opportunity act
  • Online education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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