Optimism and pessimism - generalized expectancies that the future will be positive or negative - cause broad and diverse differences between people in subjective well-being and how they achieve it. People who are more optimistic cope with adversities by addressing rather than avoiding them and their feelings about them; they engage with and accomplish goals to a greater degree; and they are more likely to attend to and pre-emptively address threats to their well-being. They also have better physical health, which can both result from and contribute to well-being. Although optimism may have drawbacks, these seem to be limited in scope and do not outweigh the advantages of being optimistic.
|Title of host publication||The Happy Mind|
|Subtitle of host publication||Cognitive Contributions to Well-Being|
|Number of pages||18|
|State||Published - Jun 28 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychology (all)
- Social Sciences (all)