Organic metamorphism in Middle Ordovician carbonates, Lebanon Valley nappe, Pennsylvania

James C. Hower, Maryann L. Malinconico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An assemblage of highly brecciated organic fragments at the contact of the Middle Ordovician Annville and Myerstown Formations in the Lebanon Valley nappe, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, was found to have maximum reflectances generally exceeding 8% R, with the highest values approaching 13% R. Such reflectance values are consistent with greenschist facies metamorphism, the latter supported by metamorphic mineral assemblages. Brecciation and metamorphism of the organics probably occurred at the time of the emplacement of the nappe during the Ordovician Taconic orogeny. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Coal Geology
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jan 2000


  • Appalachians
  • Greenschist facies
  • Ordovician
  • Organic metamorphism
  • Pennsylvania
  • Taconic orogeny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Geology
  • Economic Geology
  • Stratigraphy


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