Organic Semiconductors Derived from Dinaphtho-Fused s-Indacenes: How Molecular Structure and Film Morphology Influence Thin-Film Transistor Performance

Andrew M. Zeidell, Laura Jennings, Conerd K. Frederickson, Qianxiang Ai, Justin J. Dressler, Lev N. Zakharov, Chad Risko, Michael M. Haley, Oana D. Jurchescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Charge-carrier transport in thin-film organic semiconductors is strongly related to the molecular structure and the solid-state packing, which in turn are dependent on materials processing and device configurations. We report on the synthesis and characterization of a series of (trialkylsilyl)ethynyl-substituted dinaphtho-fused s-indacenes that include three regioisomers: the linear, syn, and anti isomers. Structure-property relationships are established for these antiaromatic compounds by combining X-ray diffraction with field-effect transistor measurements and density functional theory (DFT) evaluations of the electronic band structures and intermolecular electronic couplings. High-performance, solution-processed organic thin-film transistors with charge-carrier mobilities over 7 cm2/(V s) are demonstrated upon optimization of the thin-film morphology. The DFT-derived crystal band structures provide insight into the varied performance metrics observed across the materials, though the fundamental limits of performance are not reached when the film quality is poor. The totality of the results presents the antiaromatic dinaphtho-fused s-indacenes as intriguing building blocks for molecular materials for semiconducting applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6962-6970
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume31
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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