Orientation dependence of the shape memory properties in aged Ni 45.3Ti29.7Hf20Pd5 single crystals

E. Acar, H. E. Karaca, H. Tobe, R. D. Noebe, Y. I. Chumlyakov

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23 Scopus citations


The shape memory properties of Ni45.3Ti29.7Hf 20Pd5 single crystals aged at 550 °C for 3 h and at 600 °C for 48 h were investigated along the [111], [011] and [-117] orientations in compression. The material was stronger along the [-117] orientation compared to the [111] and [011] orientations based on load-biased thermal cycling experiments. The shape memory properties such as reversible strain, temperature hysteresis, critical stress for stress-induced martensite transformation and Clausius-Clapeyron relations were also strong functions of orientation and aging condition (precipitate characteristics). Shape memory effect with no or negligible irrecoverable strain was observed under stress levels as high as 1000 MPa. After aging at 550 °C for 3 h, the maximum reversible strains were 2.2%, 2.7% and 0.7% along the [111], [011] and [-117] orientations, respectively. Aging at 600 °C for 48 h resulted in maximum reversible strains of 2.3%, 3.2% and 0.9% along the [111], [011] and [-117] orientations, respectively. In both cases, similar levels of transformation strain, as a function of orientation, were observed during superelastic testing. The maximum work output reached 27 J/cm3 in the [011] orientation after aging at 550 °C for 3 h.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-68
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Nov 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the Turkish Ministry of Education for their financial support during this research. This work was supported in part by the NASA Fundamental Aeronautics Program , Aeronautical Sciences Project and the NASA EPSCOR Program under grant No: NNX11AQ31A , KY EPSCoR RID Program under grant No: 3049024332 and RFBR Project with grant No: 10-03-0154-a .


  • Age-hardening
  • Martensitic transformations
  • Mechanical testing
  • Shape-memory alloys
  • Shape-memory effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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