Previous studies have identified the guanine and adenine binding domains of the GTP and ADP binding sites of GDH. In this study the peptide sequences within or near to the terminal phosphate-binding domains of the GTP and ADP binding sites of bovine liver glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) were identified using photoaffinity labeling with the benzophenone nucleotide derivatives, [γ-32P]GTPγBP and [γ-32P]ATPγBP. Without activating light, GTPγBP exhibited inhibiting effects on the GDH reaction similar to GTP; ATPγBP, as expected, produced activating effects similar to those of ADP. Photoinsertion into GDH by both probes exhibited saturation effects in agreement with the respective kinetic effects. Specificity of labeling was supported by specific and effective reduction of photoinsertion of [γ-32P]GTPγBP and [γ- 32P]ATPγBP into GDH by GTP and ADP, respectively. Using a combination of immobilized Fe3+-chelate affinity chromatography and reversed-phase HPLC, photolabeled peptides located within or near the phosphate-binding domains of the GTP and ADP sites were isolated. Sequence analysis showed that GTPγBP primarily modified a peptide near the middle of the GDH sequence, Asn135- Lys143 and Glu290-Lys295. However, ATPγBP modified a single peptide corresponding to the sequence Met411-Arg419 near the C-terminal domain. Using these results and the data from the previously identified base-binding domain peptides the orientation of GTP and ADP within their respective binding sites in the catalytic cleft of GDH is proposed and explained on the basis of a proposed three-dimensional schematic model structure derived from the bacterial enzyme.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1999|
- Enzyme regulation
- Nucleotide binding
- Protein structure
ASJC Scopus subject areas