Outcomes of a behavioral intervention to reduce HIV risk among drug-involved female sex workers

Hilary L. Surratt, Catherine O'Grady, Steven P. Kurtz, Maria A. Levi-Minzi, Minxing Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although street-based female sex workers (FSWs) are highly vulnerable to HIV, they often lack access to needed health services and medical care. This paper reports the results of a recently completed randomized intervention trial for FSWs in Miami, Florida, which tested the relative efficacy of two case management interventions that aimed to link underserved FSWs with health services and to reduce risk behaviors for HIV. Participants were recruited using targeted sampling strategies and were randomly assigned to: a Strengths-Based/Professional Only (PO) or a Strengths-Based/Professional-Peer condition (PP). Follow-up data were collected 3 and 6 months post-baseline. Outcome analyses indicated that both intervention groups displayed significant reductions in HIV risk behaviors and significant increases in services utilization; the Professional-Peer condition provided no added benefit. HIV seropositive FSWs responded particularly well to the interventions, suggesting the utility of brief strengths-based case management interventions for this population in future initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-739
Number of pages14
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This research was supported by Grant No. R01DA013131 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. We gratefully acknowledge Dr. James A. Inciardi, PI of this study through 2009.

Keywords

  • Drug use
  • Female sex workers
  • HIV interventions
  • Peers
  • Service utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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