Outcomes of nutritional interventions to treat dysphagia in esophageal cancer: A population-based study

R. M. Modi, S. Mikhail, K. Ciombor, K. A. Perry, A. Hinton, P. P. Stanich, C. Zhang, D. L. Conwell, Somashekar G. Krishna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Esophageal cancer (EC) is increasing in prevalence due to rising incidence and improved treatment strategies. Dysphagia is a significant morbidity in patients with EC requiring nutritional intervention.We sought to evaluate outcomes of nutritional interventions for EC patients hospitalized with dysphagia at a population level. The National Inpatient Sample (2002-2012) was utilized to include all adult inpatients (≥18 years of age) with EC and presence of dysphagia and stricture that underwent nutritional interventions including feeding tube (FT) placement, esophageal stenting, or parenteral nutrition (PN). Temporal trends were examined with multivariate analysis performed for mortality, length of stay (LOS), and cost of hospitalization. A total of 509,593 EC patients had 12,205 hospitalizations related to dysphagia. The hospitalization rates doubled over the study period (1.52% vs. 3.28%, p < 0.001). The most common nutritional intervention was FT (27%), followed by esophageal stenting (13%), and PN (11%). PN was more frequently associated with a diagnosis of sepsis (6.1%, p = 0.023) compared to FT (2.5%) or esophageal stenting (1.8%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated FT and esophageal stenting had comparable mortality (OR 1.06, 95% CI: 0.49, 2.32); however, PN was associated with higher mortality (OR 2.37, 95% CI: 1.22, 4.63), cost of hospitalization ($5,510, 95% CI: 2,262, 8,759), and LOS (2.13 days, 95% CI: 0.72, 3.54). This study shows that hospitalizations for EC with dysphagia and related nutritional interventions are increasing. As a single modality, parenteral nutrition should be avoided. Among our esophageal stent and FT population, further studies are necessary to determine adequate interventions based on disease stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus. All rights reserved.


  • Dysphagia
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Esophageal stent
  • Feeding tube placement
  • Parenteral nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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