Overexpression of constitutively active PKG-I protects female, but not male mice from diet-induced obesity

Dejan M. Nikolic, Yanzhang Li, Shu Liu, Shuxia Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)


Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinase I (PKG-I) is a multifunctional protein. The direct effects of PKG-I activation on energy homeostasis and obesity development are not well understood. Herein, we generated transgenic mice with expression of the constitutively active PKG-I in adipose tissue as well as in other tissues. Male and female PKG-I overexpressing mice were fed a low-fat (LF) or high-fat (HF) diet for 16 weeks. HF-fed female PKG-I transgenic mice had decreased body weight gain, lower percentage of body fat, and improved glucose tolerance compared to HF-fed wild-type (WT) controls. In contrast, male transgenic PKG-I mice were not resistant to the development of HF-diet-induced obesity, and exhibited similar levels of adiposity and glucose intolerance as HF-fed WT controls. Furthermore, we found that HF-fed female transgenic PKG-I mice had increased energy expenditure and cold-induced adaptive thermogenesis compared to HF-fed WT controls, which was associated with increased expression of uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) in brown adipose tissue (BAT). In addition, the rates of lipolysis in white adipose tissue (WAT) were also increased in female transgenic PKG-I mice compared to WT controls due to increased phosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). However, in male mice, adaptive thermogenesis or WAT lipolysis was similar between transgenic PKG-I mice and WT controls. Together, these data demonstrate sex differences in effects of PKG-I activation on the regulation of adipose tissue function and its contribution to diet induced obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-791
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Overexpression of constitutively active PKG-I protects female, but not male mice from diet-induced obesity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this