Overexpression of the cytochrome P450 activator HprG (heme-1 domain protein/human progesterone receptor) in tumors

Gerard Crudden, Ralf Loesel, Rolf J. Craven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Hpr6 (heme-1 domain protein/human progesterone receptor) is one of a family of proteins that are implicated in progesterone metabolism, resistance to genotoxic agents and steroid biosynthesis. Because these processes are frequently misregulated in tumors, we have examined the expression of Hpr6 in a group of clinical tumor samples and cancer cell lines. Methods: Hpr6 expression was analyzed by Western blot in extracts from breast, cervix, colon and thyroid cell lines and in nonmalignant and adjacent tumor tissue from breast, colon and thyroid. Hpr6 localization was determined by immunofluorescence. Results: Hpr6 expression is significantly elevated in breast tumors in comparison with matched nonmalignant tissue and demonstrated limited overexpression in colon and thyroid tumors. Hpr6 is strongly expressed in a panel of tumor cell lines originating from breast, thyroid and colon. Hpr6 localizes to the perinuclear region of the cell, consistent with a role in cell detoxification, signaling and/or sterol synthesis. Conclusions: Hpr6 homologues regulate cytochrome P450 proteins implicated in hormone, steroid and xenobiotic chemical metabolism. These are the first studies linking Hpr6 expression to cancer progression and cellular survival. Our results suggest that Hpr6 is an important marker for cancer progression and a potential anticancer therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-146
Number of pages5
JournalTumor Biology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Thyroid cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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