Overweight in children and adolescents: Pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment

Stephen R. Daniels, Donna K. Arnett, Robert H. Eckel, Samuel S. Gidding, Laura L. Hayman, Shiriki Kumanyika, Thomas N. Robinson, Barbara J. Scott, Sachiko St Jeor, Christine L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1186 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents has dramatically increased. There may be vulnerable periods for weight gain during childhood and adolescence that also offer opportunities for prevention of overweight. Overweight in children and adolescents can result in a variety of adverse health outcomes, including type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and the metabolic syndrome. The best approach to this problem is prevention of abnormal weight gain. Several strategies for prevention are presented. In addition, treatment approaches are presented, including behavioral, pharmacological, and surgical treatment. Childhood and adolescent overweight is one of the most important current public health concerns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1999-2012
Number of pages14
JournalCirculation
Volume111
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2005

Keywords

  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Epidemiology
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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