Oxygen carriers for chemical looping combustion of solid fuels

Aurora Rubel, Kunlei Liu, Jim Neathery, Darrell Taulbee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


A thermal analyzer-differential scanning calorimeter-mass spectrometer (TG-DSC-MS) was used to study oxygen carriers (OC) for their potential use for the application of chemical looping combustion (CLC) to solid fuels. Reaction rates, changes in reaction rates with repeated oxidation-reductions, exothermic heats during oxidation, and the effect of changing reduction gas compositions were studied. Oxidation rates were greater than reduction rates and reaction rates were reproducible through multiple oxidation-reduction cycles except where agglomeration occurred with powders. Iron oxide (Fe2O3 powder) and iron-based catalysts were found suitable for CLC of solid fuels having rapid reduction rates which increased with higher reducing gas concentrations. Fe2O3 powder was used to oxidize a high carbon coal char in an inert gas removing 88% of the carbon from the char. Other properties such as cost and durability indicated iron oxide OCs potential use for CLC of solid fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-884
Number of pages9
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2009


  • Chemical looping combustion
  • Coal
  • Oxygen carriers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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