Cholesterol oxidation products (oxysterols), such as cholestan-3/3, 5a, 6(3-triol (Triol), may be atherogenic by altering the barrier function of the vascular endothelium. We have shown that incubation of endothelial cell monolayers with Triol increased transendothelial albumin transfer (i.e., decreased barrier function) in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Such dysfunction of endothelium could result from alterations in membrane characteristics, including changes in membrane-associated enzyme activities. To test this hypothesis, endothelial monolayers were treated with 20 μM Triol and the activities of selected membrane enzymes were measured at 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours. Calcium-adenosine triphosphatase (Ca++-ATPase) and sodium, potassium, magnesium-adenosine triphosphatase (Na+, K+, Mg++-ATPase) activities were significantly increased after 4 or 2 hours incubation with 20 μM Triol, respectively. 5´-nucleotidase activity was significantly elevated only after a 24-hour exposure to Triol, whereas there was no change in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in response to 20 Triol treatment at any time studied. Compared with all concentrations tested 40 μM Triol increased Ca++-ATPase activity most markedly, with a significant increase already after a 2-hour exposure. No major morphological changes were noted until 12 hours of exposure to 20 μM Triol; obvious cellular damage was observed by 24 hours. Cultures treated with Triol for 24 hours showed significant signs of toxicity, measured by an elevated [3H]adenine release, compared with control cultures. These data demonstrate that Triol alters the activity of certain membrane-bound enzymes, particularly Na+, K+, Mg++-ATPase and Ca++-ATPase. This alteration of membrane function may in part contribute to cellular dysfunction, decreasing the ability of the endothelium to act as a selectively permeable barrier to plasma components.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Nutrition|
|State||Published - Oct 1 1992|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health (lPOl HL36552); the American Heart Association Kentucky Affiliate; the National Livestock and Meat Board; the Kentucky Beef Cattle Association; and the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station (article number 92-9-4).
- Barrier function
- Endothelial cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics