Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is the most common and toxic variant of microcystins. We hypothesize that p44/42 MAPK (ERK1/2) signal pathway is involved in MC-LR-induced cell adhesion alteration in a human liver cell line-HL7702. We identified that MC-LR constantly activated MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signal pathway for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h in vitro. MC-LR reduced hepatocytes adhesion efficiency. Furthermore, as the focal adhesion biomarker, hyperphosphorylation of paxillin (ser83) was induced by MC-LR, which can be blocked by ERK1/2 pathway inhibitor (U0126) and was enhanced after hepatocytes transfected with pCMV6-MAPK plasmid. E-cadherin, as a biomarker which reflects the dynamic of cell-cell adhesion, its redistribution in hepatocytes was induced by MC-LR, and these redistribution and colocalization can be attenuated by U0126. Furthermore, MC-LR increased the co-localization efficiency of p-ERK1/2 with E-cadherin and paxillin. Finally, MC-LR-induced adhesive alteration of hepatocytes can be blocked by ERK1/2 signal pathway inhibitor. These data suggest ERK1/2-phospho-paxillin (ser83)/E-cadherin axis is involved in MC-LR toxic mechanism, which probably provides adaptive protection against MC-LR-induced hepatocytes adhesion changes.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jun 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 81402702 ).
This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 81402702).
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Chemistry (all)
- Environmental Chemistry
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis