Intermittent increases in blood pressure (BP) associated with motor activity have been implicated in the pathogenesis of intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants. Inhibition of motor activity by pancuronium administration has also been shown to stabilize cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and BP patterns. The purpose of this study was to determine whether administration of pancuronium to ill premature infants would attenuate changes in BP and transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO2) and the variability of CBFV pattern associated with common nursery procedures. Fourteen premature infants in the study were given a single dose of pancuronium bromide at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg intravenously. BP and TcPO2 changes were monitored during nursery procedures, that is, during radial artery blood gas sampling and a head ultrasonographic/Doppler procedure, before and during pancuronium therapy. During arterial blood gas sampling, mean percent increase in BP was significantly greater (32% +/- 21%) before pancuronium administration compared with 21% +/- 13% during pancuronium use (p < 0.05). Mean percent changes in TcPO2 were -30% +/- 21% and 5.8% +/- 7.2% before and during pancuronium use, respectively (p < 0.05). Similar significant changes in BP and TcPO2 were observed with a head ultrasonographic/Doppler procedure. Coefficients of variation of systolic and mean CBFV also decreased significantly during pancuronium therapy. We observed short-term benefits with pancuronium use on vascular dynamics and oxygenation during nursery procedures. Further studies are needed to evaluate the use of pancuronium in preterm babies supported by mechanical ventilation during the first few days of life for possible prevention of intraventricular hemorrhage, the pathophysiologic mechanism of which may be related to hemodynamic and biochemical derangement.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association|
|State||Published - Mar 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology