Paradoxical enhancement of active cochlear mechanics in long-term administration of salicylate

Zhi Wu Huang, Yanyun Luo, Zhanyuan Wu, Zhezhang Tao, Raleigh O. Jones, Hong Bo Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aspirin (salicylate) is a common drug and frequently used long term in the clinic. It has been well documented that salicylate can cause reversible hearing loss and tinnitus and diminish outer hair cell (OHC) electromotility, which is capable of actively boosting the basilar membrane vibration and producing acoustic emission. However, aspirin's ototoxic mechanisms still remain largely unclear. In this experiment, the effects of long-term salicylate administration on cochlear hearing functions were investigated by measuring distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in awake guinea pigs. A single injection of sodium salicylate (200 mg/kg) could reduce the amplitude of the cubic distortion product of 2f1-f2 within 2 h. The reduction was significant at 20-50 dB SPL stimulus levels and recovered after 8 h. However, following daily injections of sodium salicylate (200 mg/kg, b.i.d.), the distortion product of 2f1-f2 progressively increased. After injection for 14 days, the distortion product increased about 2-3.5 dB SPL. The increase rate was about 0.2 dB SPL/day. The DP-I/O function remained nonlinear. The increase was greater at 40-70 dB SPL primary sound intensities and reversible. After cessation of salicylate treatment for 4 wk, the increased distortion product returned to the initial normal levels. The rate of recovery was 0.1 dB SPL/day. In the control animals with saline injection, there was no change in DPOAEs. The data revealed that long-term administration of salicylate could paradoxically enhance active cochlear mechanics. The data also suggested that salicylate-induced tinnitus might be generated at the OHC level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2053-2061
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)
  • Physiology

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