Any discussion of the impact of parental alcoholism on children must first consider varying definitions of alcoholism and related conditions. The DSM-IV included two alcohol use disorders: alcohol dependence (commonly referred to as alcoholism) and alcohol abuse (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Alcohol dependence was diagnosed when at least three of the following were present: (i) tolerance to alcohol, (ii) withdrawal symptoms or using alcohol to recover from withdrawal, (iii) using alcohol in greater quantities than was intended, (iv) a desire or unsuccessful attempts to cut down on drinking, (v) spending large amounts of time drinking alcohol or recovering from the effects of alcohol, (vi) reducing other activities to spend more time drinking and (vii) continued drinking despite the problems it causes. Alcohol abuse was diagnosed only when criteria for alcohol dependence were not met and alcohol use resulted in at least one of the following: (i) problems at work or school, (ii) blackouts, (iii) recurrent legal problems, (iv) injury to self, (v) injury to another person, (vi) alcohol use in risky situations, such as while driving, (vii) others expressing concern about alcohol use and (viii) continued drinking despite the problems it causes.
|Title of host publication||Children and Young People’s Response to Parental Illness|
|Subtitle of host publication||A Handbook of Assessment and Practice|
|Number of pages||24|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2016|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 by Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)
- Nursing (all)