Parents' Personality and Infants' Temperament as Contributors to Their Emerging Relationship

Grazyna Kochanska, Amanda E. Friesenborg, Lindsey A. Lange, Michelle M. Martel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

174 Scopus citations


The authors examined the contributions of infant's temperament and parent's personality to their relationship. In Study 1, 102 infants, mothers, and fathers were studied when infants were 7 months; in Study 2, 112 infants and mothers were followed from 9 to 45 months. Infants' temperament (joy, fear, anger, and attention) was observed in standard temperament paradigms. Parents' personality measures encompassed the Big Five traits and Empathy in Study 1 and Mistrust, Manipulativeness, Aggression, Dependency, Entitlement, and Workaholism in Study 2. Parent-child relationship (shared positive affect and parental responsiveness in Studies 1 and 2 and parental tracking of the infant in Study 1) was observed in naturalistic contexts. In Study 1, mothers' Neuroticism, Empathy, and Conscientiousness and fathers' Agreeableness, Openness, and Extraversion related to the relationship with the infants. All measures of infant temperament also related to the emerging relationship. In Study 2, maternal Mistrust, Manipulativeness, Dependency, and Workaholism predicted the relationship with the child.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)744-759
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Parents' Personality and Infants' Temperament as Contributors to Their Emerging Relationship'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this