Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Colon and Rectal Surgery: A Systematic Review and Quality Assessment

Alexander T. Hawkins, Russell L. Rothman, Timothy M. Geiger, Juan R. Canedo, Kamren Edwards-Hollingsworth, David C. Laneve, David F. Penson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in using patient-reported outcome measures to support value-based care in colorectal surgery. To draw valid conclusions regarding patient-reported outcomes data, measures with robust measurement properties are required. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the use and quality of patient-reported outcome measures in colorectal surgery. DATA SOURCES: Three major databases were searched for studies using patient-reported outcome measures in the context of colorectal surgery. STUDY SELECTION: Articles that used patient-reported outcome measures as outcome for colorectal surgical intervention in a comparative effectiveness analysis were included. Exclusion criteria included articles older than 11 years, non-English language, age <18 years, fewer than 40 patients, case reports, review articles, and studies without comparison. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This was a quality assessment using a previously reported checklist of psychometric properties. RESULTS: From 2007 to 2018, 368 studies were deemed to meet inclusion criteria. These studies used 165 distinct patient-reported outcome measures. Thirty were used 5 or more times and were selected for quality assessment. Overall, the measures were generally high quality, with 21 (70%) scoring ≥14 on an 18-point scale. Notable weaknesses included management of missing data (14%) and description of literacy level (0%). LIMITATIONS: The study was limited by its use of original articles for quality assessment. Measures were selected for quality analysis based on frequency of use rather than other factors, such as impact of the article or number of patients in the study. CONCLUSIONS: Patient-reported outcome measures are widely used in colorectal research. There was a wide range of measures available, and many were used only once. The most frequently used measures are generally high quality, but a majority lack details on how to deal with missing data and information on literacy levels. As the use of patient-reported outcome measures to assess colorectal surgical intervention increases, researchers and practitioners need to become more knowledgeable about the measures available and their quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1156-1167
Number of pages12
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Bibliographical note

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© 2020 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • Colorectal surgery
  • Patient-reported outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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