Pauling's criterion of bond strength and the relative bond lengths in molecule MLk

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In this paper, the bond strengths, defined by Pauling, for a series of molecules in the type of MLk have been calculated by using the generalized method obtained from the maximum overlap method in a preceding paper and by using Pauling's pair–defect–sum approximation. A number of geometrical bonding situations are investigated. It is demonstrated why a previous study purporting to use of Pauling's criterion of bond strength to find that the axial bonds in trigonal bipyramidal ML5 are stronger than the equatorial bonds is incorrect. The results obtained from the two methods approach each other and are in good agreement with the experimental bond lengths, which show that Pauling's criterion is viable and that the pair–defect–sum approximation is indeed an excellent one that agrees with the maximum overlap method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-683
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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