Penicillin allergy reassessment for treatment improvement: A dental office tool to support appropriate penicillin allergy labeling

Ashlan J. Kunz Coyne, Dana Holger, Erinne Kennedy, Mackenzie Connell, Juliann Binienda, Christopher Giuliano, Elaine M. Bailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Dental appointments offer an opportunity to evaluate a documented penicillin (PCN) allergy and determine whether the patient might be a candidate for medical reassessment of their allergy. The authors gathered feedback on the Penicillin Allergy Reassessment for Treatment Improvement (PARTI) tool, designed to enhance dentist-patient communications regarding PCN allergies. Methods: From January 2022 through May 2023, the authors conducted a mixed-methods study, collecting focus group data from patients with PCN allergies and surveying health care workers (HCWs) regarding the PARTI tool. Feedback focused on reassessment procedures, patient-centered allergy information, and medical records updates. Thematic analysis was used for focus group data. Results: The study included 15 patients in focus groups and 50 HCW survey respondents representing diverse US regions. Patient demographic characteristics included varied races, the mean age was 52 years, and most of the patients were female (53.3%). Most patients had health care interactions within the preceding year, at which 86.6% of patients were asked about drug allergies. HCW respondents primarily consisted of pharmacists (30%) and dentists, dental hygienists, and dental assistants (28%). Feedback on the PARTI tool was constructive, with both patients and HCWs recognizing its potential benefits and providing insights for improvement. Many HCWs (68%) highlighted the importance of step 3 of the PARTI tool, that is, the section on PCN allergy testing. Feedback from participants was incorporated into the final PARTI tool. Conclusions: Patient and HCW feedback on the PARTI tool was used to finalize a tool for the dental office to provide to patients who are candidates for PCN allergy reassessment. The feedback will also be used to inform an upcoming pilot study in US dental offices, focused on the process for PCN allergy reassessment and health record documentation. Practical Implications: Deploying the PARTI tool in dental offices is pivotal, as mislabeling patients with PCN allergies could have severe consequences, such as hindering the prescription of lifesaving antibiotics for conditions like endocarditis, in the future. This implementation not only enhances communication between dentists and patients, but it is also crucial for ensuring improved patient safety and maintaining accurate medical records among health care settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-389
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 American Dental Association


  • Allergy
  • antibiotic
  • antibiotic stewardship
  • dental
  • focus groups
  • health care worker survey
  • multidisciplinary
  • penicillin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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