Perceived Control Prevents Perception of Negative Changes in Life as a Result of Caring for a Patient With Heart Failure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Family caregivers of patients with heart failure (HF) commonly experience emotional distress and caregiving burden. Despite their caregiving distress, caregivers may experience positive or negative changes in their life compared with before caregiving. Greater perceived control is associated with better health outcomes, but little is known about whether perceived control is related to caregivers' perceptions of positive or negative changes in life, independent of their distress and burden in providing care for patients with HF. The specific aims were to compare emotional distress and caregiving burden between caregivers who perceived positive versus negative changes in life due to caregiving and to examine whether perceived control predicts the perception of positive or negative changes in life while controlling for emotional distress and caregiving burden. Methods Primary caregivers of patients with HF (N = 140, 75% women) completed questionnaires about perceived positive or negative changes in life as a result of caregiving, perceived control, depressive symptoms, anxiety, and caregiving burden. Independent t test, χ2, and logistic regressions were used to accomplish specific aims. Results Compared with caregivers who reported positive changes in life (42%), caregivers who perceived negative changes in life (58%) had higher levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety, and caregiving burden. Lower level of perceived control was an independent predictor of perceived negative changes in life, controlling for age, gender, depressive symptoms, anxiety, and caregiving burden (odds ratio, 0.89; 95% confidence interval, 0.79-0.99; P =.0038). Conclusion Greater perceived control played a protective role for caregivers independent of caregiver burden. Interventions designed to enhance perceived control may improve caregivers' perceptions of changes in their life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-211
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • change of life
  • family caregiver
  • heart failure
  • perceived control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perceived Control Prevents Perception of Negative Changes in Life as a Result of Caring for a Patient With Heart Failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this