Family issues are common among returned post-9/11 Veterans. Traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression are each independently related to divorce whereas community ties and social support are protective factors for the family during reintegration. Evidence from elders on the benefits of one intervention, community volunteering, may indicate “spillover effects” of these benefits into the family. Few measures exist to assess the impact of military Veteran volunteering on the family. The authors report (1) an adaption of a benefits measure from elders to Veterans, (2) its preliminary reliability and validity, and (3) differences among subgroups. Reintegrating post-9/11 Veterans (N = 346) who completed a 6-month, stipended volunteer program were surveyed. Perceived impact of volunteering on the family was assessed after completion of the program using an 11-item self-report measure. Rank-based nonparametric tests were used to detect significant differences among subgroups. Preliminary findings support the scale’s adaptation to Veterans, internal consistency, and construct validity. At least one perceived family impact indicator differed significantly (p < .05) between subgroups based on demographic and psychological factors. Veterans in this civic service program perceived that their volunteering may have affected their families.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of Family Social Work|
|State||Published - Oct 20 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health [NRSA MHI9960 (to Enola Proctor)].
© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis.
- Brain injury
- Operation Enduring Freedom
- Operation Iraqi Freedom
- mental health
- stress disorders
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science