Perennial Grain and Oilseed Crops

Michael B. Kantar, Catrin E. Tyl, Kevin M. Dorn, Xiaofei Zhang, Jacob M. Jungers, Joe M. Kaser, Rachel R. Schendel, James O. Eckberg, Bryan C. Runck, Mirko Bunzel, Nick R. Jordan, Robert M. Stupar, M. David Marks, James A. Anderson, Gregg A. Johnson, Craig C. Sheaffer, Tonya C. Schoenfuss, Baraem Ismail, George E. Heimpel, Donald L. Wyse

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Historically, agroecosystems have been designed to produce food. Modern societies now demand more from food systems-not only food, fuel, and fiber, but also a variety of ecosystem services. And although today's farming practices are producing unprecedented yields, they are also contributing to ecosystem problems such as soil erosion, greenhouse gas emissions, and water pollution. This review highlights the potential benefits of perennial grains and oilseeds and discusses recent progress in their development. Because of perennials' extended growing season and deep root systems, they may require less fertilizer, help prevent runoff, and be more drought tolerant than annuals. Their production is expected to reduce tillage, which could positively affect biodiversity. End-use possibilities involve food, feed, fuel, and nonfood bioproducts. Fostering multidisciplinary collaborations will be essential for the successful integration of perennials into commercial cropping and food-processing systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-729
Number of pages27
JournalAnnual Review of Plant Biology
StatePublished - Apr 29 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2016 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.


  • Domestication
  • Intermediate wheatgrass
  • Perennial food quality
  • Perennial management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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