Objective To determine the relation between performance on a clinical quadriceps activation battery with (1) activation measured by doublet interpolation and (2) recovery of quadriceps strength and functional performance after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Design Planned secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Setting University research laboratory. Participants Patients (N=162; mean age, 63±7y; 89 women) undergoing TKA. Main Outcome Measures Patients were classified as high (quadriceps activation battery ≥4/6) or low (quadriceps activation battery ≤3/6) based on performance on the quadriceps activation battery measured 4 days after TKA. Differences between groups in activation and recovery at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months after TKA were compared using a repeated-measures maximum likelihood model. Results The low quadriceps activation battery group demonstrated poorer quadriceps activation via doublet interpolation (P=.01), greater quadriceps strength loss (P=.01), and greater functional performance decline (all P<.001) at 1 month after TKA compared with the high quadriceps activation battery group. Differences between low and high quadriceps activation battery groups on all measures did not persist at 3 and 12 months (all P>.05). Conclusions Poor performance on the quadriceps activation battery early after TKA is related to poor quadriceps activation and poor recovery in the early postoperative period. Patients in the low quadriceps activation battery group took 3 months to recover to the same level as the high quadriceps activation battery group. The quadriceps activation battery may be useful in identifying individuals who need specific interventions to target activation deficits or different care pathways in the early postoperative period to speed recovery after TKA.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation|
|State||Published - Jan 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by the National Institutes of Health (grant no. R01-HD065900), National Institutes of Health/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (grant nos. UL1-TR001082 and NIH T32 AG00279), and the Foundation for Physical Therapy Promotion of Doctoral Studies I and II Scholarships.
© 2017 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
- Outcome assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation