Perioperative chemotherapy for resectable gastric cancer: MAGIC and beyond

Audrey H. Choi, Joseph Kim, Joseph Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last 15 years, there have been major advances in the multimodal treatment of gastric cancer, in large part due to several phase III studies showing the treatment benefits of neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiation protocols. The objective of this editorial is to review the current highlevel evidence supporting the use of chemotherapy, chemoradiation and anti-HER2 agents in both the neoadjuvant and adjuvant settings, as well as to provide a clinical framework for use of this data based on our own institutional protocol for gastric cancer. Major studies reviewed include the SWOG/INT 0116, Medical Research Council Adjuvant Gastric Infusional Chemotherapy (MAGIC), CLASSIC, ACTS-GC, Adjuvant Chemoradiation Therapy in Stomach Cancer (ARTIST) and Trastuzumab for Gastric Cancer trials. Although these studies have demonstrated that multiple approaches in terms of the timing and therapy for gastric cancer are effective, no standard of care is widely accepted and questions regarding the optimal timing of chemotherapy, the benefit of radiotherapy, the minimum required extent of lymphadenectomy and optimal chemotherapy regimen still exist. Protocols from the upcoming ARTIST II, CRITICS, TOPGEAR, Neo-AEGIS and MAGIC-B studies are outlined, and results from these studies will provide critical information regarding optimal timing and treatment regimen. Additionally, the future directions of gastric cancer research predicated on molecular profiling and tailored therapies based on targetable genetic alterations in individual patient's tumors are addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7343-7348
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume21
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Adjuvant therapy
  • Chemoradiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Gastric cancer
  • Neoadjuvant therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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