Perlecan and the blood-brain barrier: Beneficial proteolysis?

Jill Roberts, Michael P. Kahle, Gregory J. Bix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cerebral microvasculature is important for maintaining brain homeostasis. This is achieved via the blood-brain barrier (BBB), composed of endothelial cells with specialized tight junctions, astrocytes, and a basement membrane (BM). Prominent components of the BM extracellular matrix (ECM) include fibronectin, laminin, collagen IV, and perlecan, all of which regulate cellular processes via signal transduction through various cell membrane bound ECM receptors. Expression and proteolysis of these ECM components can be rapidly altered during pathological states of the central nervous system. In particular, proteolysis of perlecan, a heparan sulfate proteoglycan, occurs within hours following ischemia induced by experimental stroke. Proteolysis of ECM components following stroke results in the degradation of the BM and further disruption of the BBB. While it is clear that such proteolysis has negative consequences for the BBB, we propose that it also may lead to generation of ECM protein fragments, including the C-terminal domain V (DV) of perlecan, that potentially have a positive influence on other aspects of CNS health. Indeed, perlecan DV has been shown to be persistently generated after stroke and beneficial as a neuroprotective molecule and promoter of post-stroke brain repair. This mini-review will discuss beneficial roles of perlecan protein fragment generation within the brain during stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberArticle 155
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume3 AUG
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Brain
  • Domain V
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Perlecan
  • Stroke
  • Vascular basement membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perlecan and the blood-brain barrier: Beneficial proteolysis?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this