Although the diagnosis is rarely confirmed, enteroviruses are a common cause of meningitis. Coxsackie B is responsible for more than half of the cases of aseptic meningitis in infants less than 3 months old, but is less common as a cause of neurological disease in older persons. In addition to aseptic meningitis, Coxsackie B has been reported to cause a wide range of other neurological disorders, albeit rarely. The authors report a young adult with persistent Coxsackie B encephalitis that was heralded by focal seizures and evolved to intractable coma with multifocal myoclonus. The diagnosis was established by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on tissue obtained at brain biopsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) viral cultures and PCR were negative for enteroviruses. This case highlights unusual features of a persistent infection that could easily have been mistaken for a neurodegenerative or other noninfectious process. It also emphasizes the importance of performing brain biopsy on individuals with neurological disease of obscure nature.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of NeuroVirology|
|State||Published - Dec 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience