Aims: To determine whether self-regulation can be studied successfully in a rodent model and whether persistent facial pain influences self-regulatory behavior. Methods: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into two groups, (1) chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-ION) and (2) naïve, were used in a two-part behavioral paradigm of self-regulation. This paradigm consisted of both a cued go/no-go task (part one) and a persistence trial (part two). All animals were acclimated and trained for a period of 4 weeks prior to the experimental manipulation and then tested for a total of 5 weeks following experimental manipulation. Results were analyzed with t tests, one-way analysis of variance, and two-way, repeated measures analysis of variance. Results: CCI-ION surgery induced significant mechanical hypersensitivity of the ipsilateral whisker pad that began 3 weeks postsurgery and persisted through the duration of the experiment (P <.001). At weeks 4 and 5 post-experimental manipulation, naïve animals demonstrated a significant decrease in lever presses during the persistence task (P <.05) compared to baseline, whereas CCI-ION animals did not (P =.55). Conclusion: These results suggest that persistent pain influences behavioral regulation and that animals experiencing persistent pain may have difficulty adapting to environmental demands.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache|
|State||Published - 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 by Quintessence Publishing Co Inc.
- Chronic constrictive injury
- Infraorbital nerve
- Orofacial pain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Dentistry (miscellaneous)
- Clinical Neurology
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine