Persistent neuropathic pain influences persistence behavior in rats

Tracey C. Kniffin, Robert J. Danaher, Karin N. Westlund, Fei Ma, Craig S. Miller, Charles R. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Aims: To determine whether self-regulation can be studied successfully in a rodent model and whether persistent facial pain influences self-regulatory behavior. Methods: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into two groups, (1) chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-ION) and (2) naïve, were used in a two-part behavioral paradigm of self-regulation. This paradigm consisted of both a cued go/no-go task (part one) and a persistence trial (part two). All animals were acclimated and trained for a period of 4 weeks prior to the experimental manipulation and then tested for a total of 5 weeks following experimental manipulation. Results were analyzed with t tests, one-way analysis of variance, and two-way, repeated measures analysis of variance. Results: CCI-ION surgery induced significant mechanical hypersensitivity of the ipsilateral whisker pad that began 3 weeks postsurgery and persisted through the duration of the experiment (P <.001). At weeks 4 and 5 post-experimental manipulation, naïve animals demonstrated a significant decrease in lever presses during the persistence task (P <.05) compared to baseline, whereas CCI-ION animals did not (P =.55). Conclusion: These results suggest that persistent pain influences behavioral regulation and that animals experiencing persistent pain may have difficulty adapting to environmental demands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 by Quintessence Publishing Co Inc.


  • Chronic constrictive injury
  • Infraorbital nerve
  • Learning
  • Orofacial pain
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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