Personal Approach to Treatment Choices for HIV (PATCH): Randomized Controlled Trial of a Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention to Improve Medication Adherence in Persons with HIV

Jacob Scharer, Rachel Arnold, Rebecca Wald, Jamie Nichols, Deborah Medoff, Seth Himelhoch, Melanie E. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This pilot randomized controlled trial evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a brief motivational enhancement intervention to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in persons with HIV called Personal Approach to Treatment Choices for HIV (PATCH). We compared PATCH to an active control condition on self-reported adherence, clinical outcomes, and psychosocial outcomes. Participants were 34 individuals (61.8% male, Mage = 47.1) receiving HIV-related services who were suboptimally engaged in care. Participants completed baseline measures, participated in either PATCH or a stress reduction skills control intervention, and completed post-treatment and 3-month follow-up assessments. Results revealed no differences between conditions on adherence or clinical outcomes. At post-treatment, PATCH participants reported greater improvements in alcohol use, psychiatric symptoms, subjective mental functioning, and emotion-focused coping; improvements in subjective mental functioning were maintained at 3-months. Results suggest that motivational enhancement interventions can improve psychosocial outcomes for people with HIV. That some improvements were not maintained at follow-up suggests that effects wane over time and longer treatment may be indicated for lasting effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1893-1902
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV
  • Motivational interviewing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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