Personality and Coping: Individual Differences in Responses to Emotion

Suzanne C. Segerstrom, Gregory T. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Abundant evidence links personality with emotion via coping. Alternatively, personality can be viewed as an emergent property of responses to the experience of emotion. Dispositions to control, approach, escape, and avoid one's emotional experience underlie diverse traits, including positive and negative urgency, trait emotional approach and avoidance, alexithymia, and emotional expressiveness. In this review, we consider the neurobiological underpinnings of these dispositions and the nature (e.g., stability) and adaptiveness of the associated traits. Important future directions for research in this area include the roles of development, intraindividual variability and flexibility, and the intensity and structure of emotional experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-671
Number of pages21
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
StatePublished - Jan 4 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2019 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.


  • approach
  • avoidance
  • coping
  • emotion
  • personality
  • urgency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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