Personality and Incident Alzheimer's Disease: Theory, Evidence, and Future Directions

Suzanne C. Segerstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personality, especially the dimensions of neuroticism and conscientiousness, has prospectively predicted the risk of incident Alzheimer's disease (AD). Such a relationship could be explained by personality and AD risk having a common cause such as a gene; by personality creating a predisposition for AD through health behavior or inflammation; by personality exerting a pathoplastic effect on the cognitive consequences of neuropathology; or by AD and personality change existing on a disease spectrum that begins up to decades before diagnosis. Using the 5-dimensional taxonomy of personality, the present review describes how these models might arise, the evidence for each, and how they might be distinguished from one another empirically. At present, the evidence is sparse but tends to suggest predisposition and/or pathoplastic relationships. Future studies using noninvasive assessment of neuropathology are needed to distinguish these 2 possibilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-521
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's dementia
  • Conscientiousness
  • Health behavior
  • Neuroticism
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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