Background: Adolescent substance use is a national health concern. While the literature is clear on the prevalence of substance use during the adolescent developmental period, a dearth of literature is available on the developmental contexts, particularly the influence of school factors, in which substance use occurs. Objectives: This study examined the intermediary role of substance use attitudes on the relationship between school racial composition and alcohol and marijuana use in a sample of sixth to eighth graders. Methods: The sample consisted of 4228 middle school students (89% White; 53% female) in the Midwest. A moderated mediation analysis was conducted on the relationship between school racial composition, substance use attitudes, and substance use, with race as the moderator. Results: Results indicated a significant relationship between the percentage of White or Black students in a school and alcohol or marijuana use and that this relationship was mediated by substance use attitudes. These relationships did not differ significantly by student race. Conclusions/Importance: Preliminary findings indicate the importance of considering school racial composition as a systems level risk or promotive factor for attitudes toward substance use as well as substance use outcomes.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Substance Use and Misuse|
|State||Published - Mar 21 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by NIH award KL2TR001106 (PI: A. Shekhar), R25DA035163 (PI: C. Masson, J. Sorensen), and P30 DA027827 (PI: G. Brody) and NIH/ NIDA award K01DA043654 (PI: Zapolski), to Tamika Zapolski, NIH award 5KL2-TR001996 (PI: T. Kelly) to Sycarah Fisher, and NIH award K08DA032296 to Danelle Stevens-Watkins.
This research was supported by NIH award KL2TR001106 (PI: A. Shekhar), R25DA035163 (PI: C. Masson, J. Sorensen), and P30 DA027827 (PI: G. Brody) and NIH/NIDA award K01DA043654 (PI: Zapolski), to Tamika Zapolski, NIH award 5KL2-TR001996 (PI: T. Kelly) to Sycarah Fisher, and NIH award K08DA032296 to Danelle Stevens-Watkins.
© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- Substance use
- school context
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health