Peter Lombard

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91 Citations (SciVal)


Peter Lombard is best known as the author of a celebrated work entitled Book of Sentences, which for several centuries served as the standard theological textbook in the Christian West. It was the subject of more commentaries than any other work of Christian literature besides the Bible itself. The Book of Sentences is essentially a compilation of older sources, from the Scriptures and Augustine down to several of Lombard's contemporaries, such as Hugh of Saint Victor and Peter Abelard. Its importance lies in Lombard's organization of the theological material, his method of presentation, and the way in which he shaped doctrine in several major areas. Despite his importance, however, there is no accessible introduction to Peter Lombard's life and thought available in any modern language. This volume fills this gap. The book begins by demonstrating how the Book of Sentences grew out of a long tradition of Christian reflection-a tradition, ultimately rooted in Scripture, which by the twelfth century had become ready to transform itself into a theological system. Turning to the Sentences, the book then offers a brief exposition of Lombard's life and work. It proceeds to a book-by-book examination and interpretation of its main topics, including the nature and attributes of God, the Trinity, creation, angelology, human nature and the Fall, original sin, Christology, ethics, and the sacraments. The book concludes by exploring how the Sentences helped shape the further development of the Christian tradition, from the twelfth century through the time of Martin Luther.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages270
ISBN (Electronic)9780199849871
StatePublished - Oct 3 2011

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2004 by Oxford University Press, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Book of Sentences
  • Christian
  • Doctrine
  • Peter Lombard
  • Scriptures
  • Theological

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (all)


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