AR-67 is a lipophilic camptothecin analog currently under clinical investigation using a Cremophor EL based formulation. However, as potential toxicity limitations exist in the clinical use of Cremophor, an alternative cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD) based formulation has been proposed. Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were conducted in mice and the SBE-β-CD based formulation was compared with the Cremophor EL formulation. PK studies were conducted following intravenous or oral administration of AR-67 in either Cremophor or SBE-β-CD formulation in mice. Noncompartmental analysis was used to determine the plasma and tissue drug distribution. A non-linear mixed effects (population) PK model was developed to fit both the oral and intravenous data and to estimate key PK parameters. The effect of formulation was explored as a covariate in the PK model. AR-67 in the SBE-β-CD formulation had similar plasma PK and biodistribution to that in the Cremophor EL formulation. The proposed two-compartment model described the plasma PK of AR-67 in both formulations adequately. AR-67 in the SBE-β-CD formulation exhibited dose linearity following both oral and intravenous administration. Our studies indicate that SBE-β-CD is a viable alternative to Cremophor EL as a pharmaceutical excipient for formulating AR-67.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
These studies were in part supported by the National Cancer Institute through NIH R21 award (CA-123867) to Markos Leggas.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- Cremophor EL
- pharmacokinetic modeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Pharmacology (medical)