Pharmacologic assessment of bovine ruminal and mesenteric vascular serotonin receptor populations

Miriam A. Snider, David L. Harmon, James L. Klotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Prior work using a contractility bioassay determined that the serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtype 5-HT2A is present in bovine lateral saphenous veins and plays a role in ergot alkaloid (EA)-induced vascular contraction in steers grazing endophyte-infected (Epichloë coenophiala) tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum). Ergot alkaloids have also been shown to be vasoactive in bovine gut vasculature. To determine what 5-HT receptors are involved in vasoconstriction of gut vasculature, contractility of ruminal and mesenteric arteries and veins collected from cattle was evaluated in the presence of agonists selective for 5-HT1B (CP 93129), 5-HT1D (L-694, 247), 5-HT2A (TCB-2), 5-HT2B (BW 723C86), 5-HT4 (BIMU- 8), and 5-HT7 (LP 44) receptors. Segments of ruminal and mesenteric veins and arteries were collected and suspended in a multimyograph containing continuously oxygenated Krebs–Henseleit buffer. Blood vessels were exposed to increasing concentrations of 5-HT agonists every 15 min and contractile response data were normalized as a percentage of the maximum contractile response induced by 120 mM KCl. Analysis of variance was evaluated using mixed models procedure of SAS for effects of agonist concentration for each vessel type. Receptor agonists for 5-HT2B, 5-HT1D, and 5-HT7 did not induce a contractile response for ruminal or mesenteric vasculature (P > 0.05). However, when exposed to agonists for 5-HT2B or 5-HT1D, mesenteric veins relaxed below zero (P < 0.05). Exposure of all 4 blood vessel types to 5-HT2A agonist induced contractile responses (P < 0.05). The findings of this study indicate that 5-HT1D and 5-HT2B are present in mesenteric veins and may play a role in vasorelaxation. Further, 5-HT2A is present in ruminal and mesenteric vasculature, plays a role in vasoconstriction of these vessels, and could be influenced by EA exposure as has been demonstrated in peripheral blood vessels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1570-1578
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.


  • Bovine
  • Mesenteric artery and vein
  • Ruminal artery and vein
  • Serotonin
  • Vasoconstriction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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