Photonic Reconfigurable Accelerators for Efficient Inference of CNNs With Mixed-Sized Tensors

Sairam Sri Vatsavai, Ishan G. Thakkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Photonic microring resonator (MRR)-based hardware accelerators have been shown to provide disruptive speedup and energy-efficiency improvements for processing deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs). However, previous MRR-based CNN accelerators fail to provide efficient adaptability for CNNs with mixed-sized tensors. One example of such CNNs is depthwise separable CNNs. Performing inferences of CNNs with mixed-sized tensors on such inflexible accelerators often leads to low hardware utilization, which diminishes the achievable performance and energy efficiency from the accelerators. In this article, we present a novel way of introducing reconfigurability in the MRR-based CNN accelerators, to enable dynamic maximization of the size compatibility between the accelerator hardware components and the CNN tensors that are processed using the hardware components. We classify the state-of-the-art MRR-based CNN accelerators from prior works into two categories, based on the layout and relative placements of the utilized hardware components in the accelerators. We then use our method to introduce reconfigurability in accelerators from these two classes, to consequently improve their parallelism, the flexibility of efficiently mapping tensors of different sizes, speed, and overall energy efficiency. We evaluate our reconfigurable accelerators against three prior works for the area proportionate outlook (equal hardware area for all accelerators). Our evaluation for the inference of four modern CNNs indicates that our designed reconfigurable CNN accelerators provide improvements of up to $1.8\times $ in frames-per-second (FPS) and up to $1.5\times $ in FPS/W, compared to an MRR-based accelerator from prior work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4337-4348
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
Volume41
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1982-2012 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Accelerator
  • deep learning
  • reconfigurability
  • silicon photonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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