Photophysical properties of dioxolane-substituted pentacene derivatives dispersed in Tris(quinolin-8-olato)aluminum(III)

Mason A. Wolak, Joseph S. Melinger, Paul A. Lane, Leonidas C. Palilis, Chad A. Landis, Jared Delcamp, John E. Anthony, Zakya H. Kafafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Two novel dioxolane-substituted pentacene derivatives, namely, 6,14-bis-(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-1,3,9,11-tetraoxa-dicyclopenta[b,m] pentacene (TP-5) and 2,2,10,10-tetraethyl-6,14-bis-(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-1, 3;9,11-tetraoxa-dicyclopenta[b,m]pentacene (EtTP-5), have been synthesized and spectroscopically characterized. Here, we examine the steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) of solid-state composite films containing these pentacene derivatives dispersed in tris(quinolin-8-olato)aluminum(III) (Alq3). The films show narrow red emission and high absolute photoluminescence quantum yields (φPL = 59% and 76% for films containing ∼0.25 mol % TP-5 and EtTP-5, respectively). The Förster transfer radius for both guest-host systems is estimated to be ∼33 Å. The TP-5/Alq3 thin films show a marked decrease in φPL with increasing guest molecule concentrations, accompanied by dramatic changes in the PL spectra, suggesting that intermolecular interactions between pentacene molecules result in the formation of weakly radiative aggregates. In contrast, a lesser degree of fluorescence quenching is observed for EtTP-5/Alq3 films. The measured fluorescence lifetimes of TP-5 and EtTP-5 are similar (∼18 ns) at low concentrations but deviate at higher concentrations as aggregation begins to play a role in the TP-5/Alq3 films. The onset of aggregation in EtTP-5/Alqs films occurs at higher guest molecule concentrations (> 1.00 mol %). The addition of ethyl groups on the terminal dioxolane rings leads to an increase in the intermolecular spacing in the solid, thereby reducing the tendency for π - π molecular stacking and aggregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7928-7937
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 20 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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