Photovoltaics from soluble small molecules

Matthew T. Lloyd, John E. Anthony, George G. Malliaras

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

302 Scopus citations


Solution-processable small molecules have attractive features for application in photovoltaic cells. They offer the facile processing associated with polymers, yet are easier to synthesize and purify, are monodisperse, and typically show higher charge carrier mobilities. Recent progress in solution-processable small molecule blends has yielded photovoltaic cells with efficiencies exceeding 1%. This article reviews progress in this nascent field and discusses the requirements imposed by the need for charge separation within an interpenetrating network, energy level tuning for light absorption and voltage output, and processing techniques to achieve phase separation on excitonic length scales. Design criteria for next-generation materials are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-41
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Today
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank the Office of Naval Research for continued financial support.

Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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